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PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a hormonal disorder that causes enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges. It causes fertility issues in female patients inflicted by it. It can cause a wide range of inflictions like:
Stopping Menstrual periods
Increased risk of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure
Patients suffering from PCOS experience some of the following symptoms:
Hair growth in unwanted areas.
Acne or oily skin.
Problems sleeping, feeling tired all the time.
Trouble getting pregnant.
Besides fertility problems, the female patients might get complications that include,
A risk of developing insulin resistance
Abnormal cholesterol, and triglyceride levels
Heart disease and stroke
Endometrial cancer (cancer of the inner lining of the uterus)
There are different causes for PCOS. Some of them are:
Overweight or obese people
Those with unhealthy eating habits
Those who do not get enough physical activity
Those with a family history of diabetes, usually Type II diabetes
The doctors can do Polycystic Ovary Syndrome diagnosis by performing the following tests:
Measure the patient’s blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and waist size.
Will look at the patient’s skin for extra hair on the face, chest or back, acne, or for any skin discoloration.
Will look for any hair loss or signs of other health conditions (such as an enlarged thyroid gland).
The doctor might prescribe the following medications depending on the symptoms for PCOS treatment :
Hormonal Birth Control : It can make the menstrual cycle more regular, lower risk of endometrial cancer and also help to improve the acne and reduce extra hair on the face and body.
Anti-androgen medicines : These medicines block the effect of androgens and can help reduce scalp hair loss, facial and body hair growth, and acne. These medicines might cause problems during pregnancy.
Metformin : Metformin is often used to treat Type II diabetes and may help some patients with PCOS symptoms. It improves the insulin’s ability to lower the blood sugar and also lower both insulin and androgen levels. Metformin might help in restarting ovulation after using it for a couple of months. But it the acne and extra hair on the face or body are not affected by it.