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Infertility is defined as trying to get pregnant with frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year with no success.Infertility results from female factors about one-third of the time and both female and male factors about one-third of the time. The cause is either unknown or a combination of male and female factors in the remaining cases.
According to studies one out of every five to six couples is facing problems of infertility. The age at which a woman is conceiving is one of the prime factors of success of pregnancy but there are multiple other factors as well which contribute to the final Outcome. Some of these are listed out below.
There are certain disorders like PCOS due to which women fail to ovulate regularly in their Menstrual cycle. According to a research one out of every four infertile couples have ovulation disorder as their root cause. Poly cystic Ovarian Disease is one of the main reasons for ovulation disorders.
Ovulation occurs due to two main hormones and they are LH and FSH. Sometimes emotional stress or a sudden change in body weight can alter the secretion of these hormones and thus affect ovulation.
Some women also suffer from primary ovarian insufficiency in which there is a premature loss of eggs. An excess release of prolactin may also hamper the ovulation in women and thus render them infertile.
Endometriosis is a condition in which there is an abnormal growth of uterine tissues in different locations outside the uterus. This condition can be treated by using medications and injections. A surgery can also be done to remove these tissues and this helps in restoring the Anatomy of the Pelvic structures. If these abnormal tissues are left without any intervention they lead to a blockage in the Fallopian tubes and also hamper the implantation process in the uterus.
Fallopian tubes are no doubt of crucial importance and any harm to them can lead to infertility. When they are damaged, the sperms are not able to fertilize the egg and nor is the embryo able to reach the uterus even if fertilization occurs. One of the common reasons is a pelvic inflammatory diseaswhich involves the infection of the pelvic structures. Previous surgeries can also affect the Fallopian tubes especially when done in cases of ectopic pregnancy. Pelvic tuberculosis is another of the reasons of blocked Fallopian tubes.
Fertility is impacted by various problems of the uterus and cervix. Sometimes benign tumors like fibroids or polyps occurs in the uterus. These polyps often lead to inability to become pregnant. Some birth defects of the uterus can also lead to infertility like the abnormal shape of the uterus, septum in uterus, Bicornuate uterus. Some women also suffer from a condition called cervical stenosis in which the cervix gradually becomes narrowed and stenosed due to which there is difficulty in entry of the sperm into the uterine canal.
Apart from the above mentioned causes, some women also suffer from an unexplained infertility. This mostly happens due to environmental factors and also due to mental stress, depression and anxiety.
It is always advisable to go for a check up if you are not able to conceive.
At Aikya, we have the best doctors and facilities to identify the cause of your infertility and treat it.