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Female sterilization is a surgical procedure that prevents pregnancy permanently. It works by blocking the fallopian tubes.
Female sterilization can be performed using the following:
Surgery : The surgical option involves the surgeon creating incisions to perform the surgery.
Laparoscopic tubal ligation: This surgical procedure is performed using the laparoscopic surgery technique to permanently close or block the patient's fallopian tubes. This involves the cutting or tying of the fallopian tubes.
The procedure is performed after administering anesthesia on the patient.
As female sterilization is a permanent pregnancy prevention method, it is not recommended for patients who may want to get pregnant in the future. The doctors will then perform laparoscopic tubal ligation by first creating a couple of tiny incisions or cuts in the abdominal area. Then, a tube is inserted into the abdominal cavity through one of these incisions and carbon dioxide is pumped into it. This is to allow the surgeons to see the internal organs properly.
The surgeon will then insert a laparoscope, a thin flexible tube with a camera at one end, into the incision near the navel. Tiny surgical instruments, inserted through one of the other incision, are used to close the fallopian tubes. The laparoscope will help the surgeon to view the area while performing the procedure.
An IUD may be a better choice for patients interested in having a child in the future. IUD can be left in place for up to 10 years, and removal of the IUD restores your fertility.
There is a chance that tubal surgery may fail and pregnancy may result. In such cases, there is an increased chance of ectopic pregnancy
With a tubal implant, if the patient has a nickel allergy, or an autoimmune disease, or a pelvic infection, there is a higher risk of chronic pain in the patient's pelvis with the flexible coils that were placed into the fallopian tubes.
The patient needs to contact the doctor if they experience the following:
Develop a fever
Bleed from an incision
Have severe, continuous abdominal pain